ՇՏԱՊ. Ադրբեջանում խառնաշփոթ է. Հզոր Երկրաշարժը՝ երկրաշարժի ետևից. ՀԶՈՐ ՊԱՅԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ 😳😳

Երեկ գիշեր  Ադրբեջանում 5-6 բալանոց երկրաշարժ է տեղի ունեցել՝ Բաքվից ոչ շատ հեռու: Կան ավերածություններ ու զոհեր:

Ադրբեջանական  կայքերում մարդիկ  վախեցած գրառումներ են անում, որ   երկրաշարժերը կարող են ներսից վառել իրենց երկիրը, հավանբար նկատի ունեն նավթը,որը կարող է բռնկվել:ԱՂբյուր

In the year 1572 the Mughal Empire annexed Gujarat and acquired its first access to the sea after local officials informed Akbar that the Portuguese had begun to exert control in the Indian Ocean. Hence Akbar was conscious of the threat posed by the presence of the Portuguese and remained content with obtaining a cartaz (permit) from them for sailing in the Persian Gulf region.[94] At the initial meeting of the Mughals and the Portuguese during the Siege of Surat in 1572, the Portuguese, recognising the superior strength of the Mughal army, chose to adopt diplomacy instead of war. The Portuguese Governor, upon the request of Akbar, sent him an ambassador to establish friendly relations.[95] Akbar’s efforts to purchase and secure from the Portuguese some of their compact artillery pieces were unsuccessful and thus Akbar could not establish the Mughal navy along the Gujarat coast.[96]

Akbar accepted the offer of diplomacy, but the Portuguese continually asserted their authority and power in the Indian Ocean; in fact Akbar was highly concerned when he had to request a permit from the Portuguese before any ships from the Mughal Empire were to depart for the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina.[97] In 1573, he issued a firman directing Mughal administrative officials in Gujarat not to provoke the Portuguese in the territory they held in Daman. The Portuguese, in turn, issued passes for the members of Akbar’s family to go on Hajj to Mecca. The Portuguese made mention of the extraordinary status of the vessel and the special status to be accorded to its occupants.[98]

In September 1579 Jesuits from Goa were invited to visit the court of Akbar.[99] The emperor had his scribes translate the New Testament and granted the Jesuits freedom to preach the Gospel.[100] One of his sons, Sultan Murad Mirza, was entrusted to Antoni de Montserrat for his education.[101][102] While debating at court, the Jesuits did not confine themselves to the exposition of their own beliefs but also reviled Islam and Muhammad. Their comments enraged the Imams and Ulama, who objected to the remarks, but Akbar ordered their comments to be recorded and observed the Jesuits and their behaviour carefully. This event was followed by a rebellion of Muslim clerics in 1581 led by Mullah Muhammad Yazdi and Muiz-ul-Mulk, the chief Qadi of Bengal; the rebels wanted to overthrow Akbar and insert his brother Mirza Muhammad Hakim ruler of Kabul on the Mughal throne. Akbar successfully defeated the rebels, but he had grown more cautious about his guests and his proclamations, which he later checked with his advisers carefully.[103]

Relations with the Ottoman Empire

Portuguese ambush against the galleys of Seydi Ali Reis (Akbar’s allies) in the Indian Ocean.
In 1555, while Akbar was still a child, the Ottoman Admiral Seydi Ali Reis visited the Mughal Emperor Humayun. In 1569, during the early years of Akbar’s rule, another Ottoman Admiral Kurtoğlu Hızır Reis arrived on the shores of the Mughal Empire. These Ottoman admirals sought to end the growing threats of the Portuguese Empire during their Indian Ocean campaigns. During his reign Akbar himself is known to have sent six documents addressing the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.[104][105]

In 1576 Akbar sent a very large contingent of pilgrims led by Khwaja Sultan Naqshbandi, Yahya Saleh, with 600,000 gold and silver coins and 12,000 Kaftans of honour and large consignments of rice.[106][page needed] In October 1576 Akbar sent a delegation including members of his family, including his aunt Gulbadan Begum and his consort Salima, on Hajj by two ships from Surat including an Ottoman vessel, which reached the port of Jeddah in 1577 and then proceeded towards Mecca and Medina.[107] Four more caravans were sent from 1577 to 1580, with exquisite gifts for the authorities of Mecca and Medina.[108][109]

The imperial Mughal entourage stayed in Mecca and Medina for nearly four years and attended the Hajj four times. During this period Akbar financed the pilgrimages of many poor Muslims from the Mughal Empire and also funded the foundations of the Qadiriyya Sufi Order’s dervish lodge in the Hijaz.[110] The Mughals eventually set out for Surat, and their return was assisted by the Ottoman Pasha in Jeddah.[111] Because of Akbar’s attempts to build Mughal presence in Mecca and Medina, the local Sharif’s began to have more confidence in the financial support provided by Mughal Empire, lessening their dependency upon Ottoman bounty.[110] Mughal-Ottoman trade also flourished during this period – in fact merchants loyal to Akbar are known to have reached and sold spices, dyestuff, cotton and shawls in the bazaars of Aleppo after arriving and journeying upriver through the port of Basr

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